Abnormal Pap Smear

Obstetrics & Gynecology located in Marietta and Powder Springs, GA

Abnormal Pap Smear

About Abnormal Pap Smear

Pap smears are essential screenings used to assess and monitor your cervical health. If you have an abnormal Pap smear, the expert team at Marietta OB-GYN Affiliates in Marietta and Powder Springs, Georgia, can help. They offer comprehensive testing and treatment options to address any issues and support your overall health. Call or schedule an appointment online today to learn more.

Abnormal Pap Smear Q&A

What are abnormal Pap smears?

A Pap smear is a test that involves collecting cells from your cervix to screen for cervical cancer. 

If your test returns abnormal results, there may be changes to your cervical cells that require further investigation. These changes may be minor and resolve on their own, but they can also indicate more serious problems.

At Marietta OB-GYN Affiliates, the team will guide you through the next steps, including follow-up tests if needed, to ensure you receive the best care.

What causes abnormal Pap smears?

An abnormal Pap smear doesn’t always mean you have cervical cancer. Several other conditions can cause abnormal results, including the following:

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Cervical dysplasia (precancerous changes in the cervical cells)
  • Inflammation
  • Recent sexual activity
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause

It’s also possible to receive a false positive or unclear result.

What are the next steps after abnormal Pap smears?

The Marietta OB-GYN Affiliates team will guide you on the appropriate next steps after an abnormal Pap smear. The process may include:

Repeat Pap smear

Sometimes, a follow-up test can help confirm the results or check for any changes.

HPV testing

An HPV test can help determine if high-risk strains of the virus are present that require further testing.


This is a closer examination of your cervix using a special magnifying instrument. It allows the team to examine any abnormal cells.


The team may take a small sample of cervical tissue for further testing. If you’re sensitive to pain, the practice offers Pro-Nox™, a nitrous oxide inhalant that temporarily relieves pain and anxiety.

Treatment options

Depending on the results, the team may discuss treatment options, such as watchful waiting, medication, or minor procedures to remove or treat abnormal cells.

How can I reduce my chances of abnormal Pap smears?

You can reduce your chances of abnormal Pap smears and protect your cervical health by:

  • Getting vaccinated against HPV
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly
  • Using condoms during sex
  • Following cervical screening recommendations

Marietta OB-GYN Affiliates provides comprehensive care for all your cervical health needs. Call or schedule an appointment online today to learn more.